Kusadasi has a rich and varied history. A small settlement founded by Ionian settlers and known as Neapolis, is known to have existed at the site even in ancient times, but it was always over shadowed by its mighty neighbor Ephesus.
After the Hellenistic Period, the Romans and the Byzantines dominated Kusadasi. The town was an important commercial port and a foreign colony under Venetian and Genoese merchants in the 14th century and was called ScalaNouva (the new port) and medieval chronicles mention the presence of foreign consulates and warehouses
The Turks preferred to live mainly inland on the foothills around Pilavtepe near the ancient settlement known as Andizkule. After a period of various Selcuk princes and Crusader knights the Ottoman Turks conquered Kusadasi in 1413. The town took its present from during the early 17th century when Okiiz Mehmet Pasha was a grand vizier of Ottoman Empire. He built the city walls, a mosque complex consisting of a mosque, an Inn and a Turkish bath.
In 1995 Kusadasi had a population of 50.000. Almost 99% of the populations are Turks. The Turkish language belongs to the Ural Altaic group and has an affinity with the Finn Hungarian languages. Turkish is written in the Latin alphabet. Most Turkish people can speak English, German or some other foreign languages at the shops, restaurants,bars and the hotels.
Turkey is secular republic where religious affairs and slate matters don’t mix. Nevertheless 99% of Kusadasi population is Muslim. Islam is monotheistic religion. Turks believe there is only one GOD, Allah, and that Mohammad is the prophet. Turks are predominantly Sunni Muslims. But one out of every six Turks is Alevi (Shiite) in origin. Devote Muslims pray five times a day, give arms to the poor, fast during the Ramadan holy month and make pilgrimages to the Moslem holy lands of Medina and Mekke once in their lifetime if financially feasible.
Climate Of Kusadasi, Kusadasi and its environs have typical Mediterranean climate with warm sunny summers and mild, wet winter
How to Get There
Kusadasi is located on the western Anatolia by the Aegean Coast 90 kilometers south of Izmir. You can get to Kusadasi:
Getting to Kusadasi By Air
There are regular charter flights during the summer from major European capitals to Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport, located about 75 kilometers from Kusadasi.Virtually every major city in Turkey has air service and Turkish Airlines offers nationwide services and flies between Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir and from Istanbul to most other major Turkish centres.Most flights connect through Istanbul or Ankara, both of which have domestic and international terminals. Havas airport busses are a convenient and affordable alternative to taxis for transportation from airports to Izmir downtown area or from downtown area to airport in Izmir.
You can check flight schedules and book the flights from anywhere in the world to Turkey and Izmir at our office with your representative.
Getting to Kusadasi By Bus
Busses are an efficient and affordable way to travel in Turkey. Private bus companies provide frequent day and night services between all Turkish cities.The major bus lines have spacious, comfortable coaches, and offer coffee, tea and snacks.Frequent bus services, operated by major transport companies have offices in Kusadasi.
The two largest bus company Varan and Ulusoy runs from the major cities to Kusadasi directly.You can book your bus tickets through us.
Getting to Kusadasi By Sea
Turkish and Greek ferry boats shuttle daily between Kusadasi and the nearby Greek island of Samos. Greek ocean liners sail twice a week between Ancona (Italy) and Kusadasi, once a week between Venice and Izmir.In addition to these, Kusadasi is a port of call of many foreign Ocean liners sailing the Aegean. Turkish Maritime lines (Deniz Yollan) cruise ships stop at Kusadasi regularly while on Istanbul Mersin sailing route. With its 700 Bert marina, Kusadasi is a major port of foreign yachtsmen.
We can arrange your Ferry ticket from our office.
Getting to Kusadasi By Rail
The extensive Turkish State Railways network connects most major cities. On some trains, sleeping compartments are available. Detailed train schedules and prices as well as reservation telephone numbers and authorized ticket agents are listed on their web site at Transportation From and To the Airport.
The nearest railroad station to Kusadasi is the town of Selcuk, on the Izmir Aydin railroad, which is linked to the national railways system. Foreign train buffs can hire steam engine trains.
This is a fun way to travel,and should be experienced if you have time.Buses are generally faster,cheaper are also more comfortable.
You may go Kusadasi State Hospital, Private- Kusadasi Hospital. Clinics and Doctors of various specialties may be consulted at regional out patient clinics in case of illness or emergency.
Medical cooperative and private doctors are also available for consultations. An ambulance should be summoned in case of emergency.
State Hospital 618 2414, Private Hospital 613 1616 or Call 112 Consultations at hotel may be ordered with private clinics. Some hotels have their own medical service domestic and foreign.
Domestic and foreign medicaments are sold in pharmacy ( Eczane in Turkish ); there also have a large range of non-prescription medicines. Staff are often able to speak English. You can always find a pharmacy on duty at nights and holidays.
For your own safety we do advise you to take out traveler’s insurance to cover accidents, illness, baggage and liability. Many Private Health Insurance is valid in Kusadasi.